Scientific Objectives

Embryogenesis and resultant organ development is a tightly controlled process intrinsically programmed into the genomes of organisms. During mid-gestation mouse development, the embryo develops all of the structures, anlagen, and cell-types that are required to form a fully-functional organism. Many protein-coding genes (mRNAs) have been analyzed in the mouse which control these essential processes, unraveling core gene-regulatory networks required to properly develop organs. In fact, these identical gene networks are often misregulated in various human genetic disorders. More recently, thousands of non-protein coding transcripts (long non-coding RNAs, lncRNAs) have been identified, and these are now recognized as also being important regulators of embryo Figmorphogenesis. We have identified hundreds of lncRNA coding genes which are differentially expressed in the early mouse embryo (Fig A, B), each with a potential role in embryo and organ development, and have shown using genetic ablation experiments that defects in organ development can result from loss of tissue-specific lncRNAs – including within the heart (Fig C). Our group is currently using state-of-the-art genome engineering (e.g. BAC transgenes, CRISPR/Cas9) in mouse embryonic stem cells to generate transgenic models and in vitro culture systems (Fig D) to understand the functional roles of lncRNAs in early mouse organ development.

picture4

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s